Barcelona in 3 days of the visit.
Before I went to Sagrada Familia I booked a ticket online for visit then devote part of the morning to taking breakfast of choco con churros in front where some coffee restaurant just next. Then head up to Park Güell by MRT to relax I like art so much I slip in a visit to the Fundació Antonia Tàpies.
Went to the El Born and La Rivers neighborhood for lunch.
The Nerve Center of the City(Plaça Catalunya)
Plaza Catalunya is the nerve center of the commercial city. Until the demolition of the medieval walls in 1854, it was the beginning of a tree-lined promenade leading to the old town of Gràcia. When the Ensanche had already been defined, it was planned as a paved square with sculptures, monumental fountains, and ponds. The project was assigned to Puig I Cadafalch a prominent modernist architect, who was responsible for its construction from 1915 to 1923. Nevertheless, the current structure is the result of several interventions carried out over the years. Here is the beginning of one of the most emblematic streets of the City La Rambla which descends to the sea. A busy promenade where I can find flower stalls, living statues the Boqueria market, and the city’s finest operatic Center.The Gran Theatre del Licreu. Near Plaça Catalunya stands the Palau de Musica Catalunya, a jewel of Modernisme.
The Entrance to the Universal Exhibition of 1888 (Arc de Triomf)
At the end of Passeig Sant Joan is the Triomf, luckily my hotel where I stayed was 5 minutes away by walk, a monument designed by Joseph Vilaseca I Casanova, and built as the entrance to the site of the Universal Exhibition of 1888, the first event of its kind held in Spanish territory. The exhibition, which received more than one and a half million visitors, made it possible to project Barcelona as a city of industry and progress. Very near the Arc de Triomf are the Estacio del Nord, one of the city’s main bus station, and the Palau de Justice, built in 1908 as the courthouse for the City.
A Place for Culture and Leisure(El Born – Ciutadella Zoo)
The old-born market continues 8,000 m2 of archaeological remains of the City from the beginning of the 18th century, which can be seen from the viewing balcony of Born Cultural Centre. Nearby is Ciutadella Park one of the city’s main open spaces, laid out on the site of an old military fortress. The park is home to the Parliament of Catalonia and the Monumental Waterfall designed by Joseph Fontsere in 1875. His assistant was the architect Antoni Guidi. In the park is one of the entrances to Barcelona Zoo, one of the most outstanding in Europe.
Barcelona and the Sea ( Passeig Colom)
Paseo Colon was the first attempt to connect the city to the sea by means of a large avenue, and it was first opened for the Universal Exhibition of 1888. The hosting of the Olympic Games in 1992 meant the recovery of the shoreline and the creation of new beaches, plus the regeneration of the city’s seafront. This renewal included the extension of the promenade as far as the new Olympic Port, and the construction of the Mall de la Fusta ( The wooden Pier ), a pleasant avenue lined with palm trees. At the end of the Ramblas and continuing along Pedro Colon, we can see the Columbus Monument, a 50-meter high iron structure with a circular viewpoint.
The Commercial Expansion of the City(World Trade Center)
Barcelona is now the number one port for Mediterranean cruise ships thanks to the construction of new moorings at the renowned World Trade Center at the end of the Barcelona Docks. This large urban complex, evoking the shape of a boat, is a major business center in the City housing a large number of offices a conference and convention center, restaurants and a luxury hotel. Upon entering the dock, there is a tall iron tower, the tower of Jaume I.
Miramar’s Panoramic View
The Miramar Gardens are an integral part of the Montjuic’s garden complex and are laid out on a large terrace with a long balustrade overlooking the Port, from where I can see a beautiful panoramic view of the coastline. Overlooking the Mediterranean on the south-eastern slope of Montjuic is the magnificent Costa Llobera garden. Named after the poet from Majorca, it contains cacti and plants from subtropical climates. It location enjoys a special microclimate all of its own, which allows species not usually found in the Mediterranean area, are to grow outdoors. Same if the cacti are almost 200 years old and come from exotic locations such as the American deserts, the Andes and South Africa.
A dynamic open and Participatory space (Fundació Miro)
Open in 1975, the Fundació join Miro has the largest public collection of work by Joan Moto, one of the most influential and universal figures in 20th-century art, it’s rooms contain a representative selection of paintings, sculptures, textiles and drawings and practically all his prints, from his early artistic awakening to his final period. The foundation is housed in a stunning building designed by Miro’s great friend, architect Josep Louis Sert. It fits in perfectly with its surroundings in Montjuic Park and offers superb views over the city. The Foundation also puts on regular temporary exhibitions covering all aspects of contemporary art.
The Great Olympic Facilities (Anella Olimpica)
The Olympic area of Montjuic was the focal point and main sporting area of the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona. In this area interconnected by means of squares and stairs, I find the two main sports facilities, the Olympic Stadium and the Palau Sant Jordi. Nearby are the Bernat Piconell Olympic swimming pools, where the swimming and water polo events were held. The Olympic Stadium is a restored building that originally dating back to 1929, of which only the façade remains with the interior having been fully refurbished. The Stadium hosted both the opening and the closing ceremonies. The athletic events also took place there. The Palau Sant Jordi, which was designed by Japanese architect Arata Isozaki, was the venue for the gymnastics and volley competitions, ball among others Olympic events Nearby is the Calatrava Tower, which was designed by renowned architect Santiago Calatrava.
Major Collections of Catalan Artwork (Museum Nacional D’Art de Catalunya)
The Museu Nacional Dart de Catalunya houses the best collection of Romanesque murals in the world. This together with its Gothic art, offers a fascinating tour of medieval art. The museum is a center of reference of Catalan Modernism, where I find pieced by Saudi, Jujol Cass and in the Renaissance and Baroque collections, paintings by Tiepolo and Velasquez, among others, making a visit to the museum a must for art lovers. Close by is the Museu Ethnologic which takes me on a journey through the world’s different cultures. Ten different societies, two from each continent reveal the exoticism and extraordinary richness of people of the world.
A Collection of Spanish Architecture (Poble Españo)
Set on Montjuic Mountain and with excellent communication with the center of Barcelona Pablo Españyol is the only place in the City that allows you to discover the soul of Spain. Take a pleasant, peaceful stroll through its streets and squares, admire its buildings and contemporary art collection, watch the craftsmen as they give shape to their works. To explore the entire soul of the country.
Discovering Two Unique Spaces (Caixaforum-Pavello Mies Van Der Rohe)
The Mies van Der Robe Pavilion is emblematic work by architect Ludwig. Mies van der Rohe is a benchmark in 20th-century architecture. The so-called German Pavillon was originally designed in 1929 for the Barcelona International Exhibition. Its innovative architectural structure represented a radical change in the layout of space, and it had a great influence on the development of modern architecture. It houses the Barcelona Chair, which Mies van der Rohe designed exclusively for the pavilion. CaixaForum is housed in a former textile mill built in 1911 and designed by the Modernist architect Puig I Cadafalch. It now hosts a wide variety of interesting cultural activities and exhibitions, and also showcases an exhibition of works from the Foundations contemporary art collection.
The Gateway to Montjuic ( Plaça D’Espanya)
Plaça España, where the Venetian towers are situated, was the entrance to the enclosure of the 1929 world fair. One of the most popular symbols of the exhibition-combining light, water, and sound is known as the Magic Fountain, designed by Carles Buigas. Arenas de Barcelona is one of the focus points of the City, uniquely combining the conservation of the former bullrings Neomudejar façade of the 1900s with the bullring. The avant-garde architectural design is complemented by its 27-meter high great dome. The best and original fashion brands are represented in the complex, as well as a varied offer of cultural and gastronomic attractions.
The Central Railway Station of Barcelona (Estacio De Sants)
Here you can find the central station of Barcelona’s railway network and where I can also find one of the city’s bus stations and the Ave high-speed train. Next to it is the Spanish Industrial Park, which dates back to the manufacturing part of the district of Santa. In fact, the park was built on the site of one of the main textile factories of the 19th century which was known as “El Vapid Nuevo”(The new steam) or ” La España Industrial” Constructed in 1846 this factory once employed people from all over Spain. We can also see an interesting example urban design of the mid-eighties, the Plaça dels Països Catalans, the first of the city’s “hard squares”.
The Sports symbol of the City (Camp Nou FC Barcelona)
FC Barcelona was founded in 1899 and is popularly known as Barca. The Camp Nou project dates back to 1954, although it wasn’t inaugurated until 1957, replacing the old Les Courts stadium, which dated back to 1922. The Clubs facilities include a museum that boasts over one million visitors a year and allows you to discover the Clubs secrets and titles, as well as the FCBotiga Megastore, where you will find all kinds of memorable and official merchandise. So take the museum and Stadium tour and discover all the secrets of Camp Nou; the dressing rooms, the presidential box, the pitch etc.
Unique Buildings in the University district (Pius XII Palau Reial, Pavellons Güell I Monestir de Pedralbes)
Avenida Diagonal is a large avenue that cruises the entire city from east to west. Along with this stretch, at the beginning of Avenida Pedralbes, I can see the park of the Royal Palace of Pedralbes, where the Royal residence was formerly located. The park consists of a large garden in which the vegetation fountain and aquatic steps create an atmosphere of tranquillity and harmony. Nearby are the Pavillon de la Fianca Güell, the Gaudi’s first artwork in Barcelona includes a Mediterranean garden and the MUHBA Pedralbes Monastery.
The Great Shopping and Recreational Centre of the Diagonal Area (L’ILLA Diagonal)
Avenida Diagonal is home to a concentration of buildings, hospitals, and shopping centers, among them L’illa Diagonal, built in the 1990s by architect Rafael Moneo and Manuel de Sola-Morales. This rationalist-style building has become one of the most characteristics images of the Diagonal area. As well as being a large connected center with more than 170 shops and restaurants, the L’illa Diagonal complex includes two four-star hotels, a sports center, a dance hall, and a conference center. Near the complex, I can see Frances Macia square, named after the president of the Catalan government at the beginning of the 20th century, and Turo Park, with a statue of Pau Casals, the world’s best known Catalan musician, at the entrance.
One of the main Arteries of the City (Avinguda Diagonal)
Avenida Diagonal is one of the widest avenues in the city, along with Gran Via de Les Corts Catalans. Designed in the mid-19th century by Cerda. It crosses the entire city diagonally until it reaches the sea. The original project by the creator of the “Ensanche” proposed that the avenue would reach the sea, and this was finally carried out in 2004, in readiness thor the Universal Forum of Cultures. The most famous international brands have their shops in this area of the Diagonal, which is part of the city’s main shopping center.
One of Gaudi’s Greatest works (La Pedrera)
Casa Mila, which is popularly known as La Pedrera is one of Gaudi’s greatest works and was constructed between 1906 and 1901. The stone facade suggests the movement of the wave, interspersed by the wrought iron of the balconies. A visit to a building includes the exhibition of Gaudi’s work on the main floor, the attic, and the recreation of an apartment of that era. Nearby is the Fundacio Sunol with its contemporary art collection, and the Museu Egipci, a study and research center, and the only one of its kind in Spain, which disseminates Ancient Egyptian culture and takes you on a journey through the civilization of the Pharaohs. On Passeig de Gracia, you’ll notice the hexagonal paving stones, which were designed by Gaudi, and the magnificent streetlamps and benches that line the avenue.
La Manzana De La Discordia (The Block of Discord Casa Batllo)
With its roof of colored ceramic scales, Casa Batllo is one of the most charismatic buildings in the district and one of Gaudi’s most characteristic works. The highly original facade is topped by ceramic tiles reminiscent of fish scales, in a rhythmic sequence that is intended to resemble the backbone of a dragon. The Block of Discord is formed by Casa Batllo, by Antoni Gaudi, Casa Amatller, by Josep Puig I Cadafalch, and Casa Lleo I Moorea by Lluis Domenech I Montaner, which stands on the corner and it is crowned by an arbor. Nearby is the Godia Foundation, housed in a magnificent building, the Museu del Modernism de Barcelona, which showcases one of the finest collections of furniture, painting, and sculpture from this period, and the Fundacio Antoni Tapies, an example of an early Modernist architect.
The Historical District (Cathedral-Gotic)
The Gothic District includes a number of streets with medieval buildings that are situated around the Cathedral. We are in the heart of the old town a dynamic space that bears the marks of the history of its buildings and current urban landscape. There are traces of the Roman colony “Bacino” the remains of which can be seen in the basement of the Barcelona History Museum in Placa del Rei. The political center continued into medieval times, as near here the first institutions of the territorial and municipal government were located-institutions that have subsequently developed into today’s City Council and the Generalitat.
A Recreation area for Everyone(Port Vell)
Port Vell or old port is the oldest part of the first artificial port remodeled for the 1992 Olympic Games when it became a marina for recreational vessels. At the end of the port, you can see the Rambla de Mar, which is a continuation of the popular Ramblas of Barcelona. This avenue gives us access to a large entertainment area known as Maremagnum, an island that has been reclaimed from the sea and converted into a leisure space with cinema, restaurants, shops and recreational areas. Here you will find the Barcelona Aquarium, which takes you on an unmissable and fascinating journey to the bottom of the sea. Walking through the clear glass tunnel below the shark pool is a magical experience.
Past and Present(Museu D’Historia De Catalunya)
The Palau de Mar, or Sea Palace, is the only building remaining the old port of Barcelona, where the former general trade stores of the port situated. The late 19th-century buildings were restored before the Olympic Games, becoming a diversified space with several restaurants on the ground floor, below the History Museum of Catalonia. The museum takes visitors on an interactive journey through the history of Catalonia, from prehistoric times to the present day. From this stop, I can also visit the Ribera and the Born District where I can find the Santa Maria Del Mar church, the Picasso Museum, the Chocolate Museum, among other interesting places.
The Maritime District(La Barceloneta)
Barceloneta is a former fishing district, established in 1753, on land reclaimed from the sea. The neighborhood was constructed according to specific criteria, with uniform and ordered streets and houses that were mainly occupied by fishermen and sailors. The Paseo Maritimo is a long seafront promenade that connects Barceloneta with the Olympic Port. It was designed and built during the first part of the 20th century and extended as a part of the urban development for the Olympics. This busy promenade forms a balcony over the beach and is the main connection between the city and its waterfront. This is the ideal location for those who enjoy eating traditional seafood, paella, and shellfish. You can experience these traditional dishes in any of the restaurants along the promenade.
The Olympic Transformations(Port Olimpic)
The hosting of the 25th Olympic games and the creation in 1992 meant a great urban transformation for Barcelona. The construction of the Olympic Village or Villa Olimpica was the most radical transformation since it converted a former manufacturing district of the city-Pueblo Nuevo-into a residential area for athletes and subsequently private housing. The major change was accompanied by the recovery of part of the coastline, with the addition of more beaches to the city and the creation of a new marina, the Olympic Port. This port has over 700 berths and is equipped with a dock- the Muelle de la Marina – for longer vessels. Nearby is a large area of restaurants and two of the significant buildings of the Olympic Barcelona-the Mapfre Tower and Hotels Arts which thanks to their size and significance, have become two icons of modern-day Barcelona.
Recovery of the Seafront(Platja Del Bogatel)
For many years, Barcelona lived with its back to the sea, which allowed the beaches to become run down, affected as they were by industrial facilities or by the presence of small shanty towns. The construction of Villa Olimpica allowed the recovery of the seafront and its beaches creating a pleasant esplanade or boardwalk that runs alongside various beaches such as Nueva Icaria, Bogatell, Mar Bella and Nueva Mar Bella. Behind Bogatell beach lies Poblenou cemetery; the first to be built outside the city walls, in 1775. It is open to the public and is of great interest to visitors, who can admire large funerary monuments and sculptures from the late 18th and 19th century
Nueva Mar Bella Beach(La Nova Mar Bella)
Nueva Mar Bella is located at the end of the Paseo Maritimo seafront promenade that starts in Barceloneta. It is a sandy beach with access for the disabled, and there are often strong winds here, so it tends to attract many surfers and windsurfers. Behind this beach is the beginning of the huge Diagonal Mar Park designed by architect Enric Miralles, where walking trails are combined with cleverly-designed children’s play areas.
National Theater of Catalunya
The National Theatre of Catalunya is a large glass building that looks like a Greek temple. It was inaugurated in 1997 and designed by the famous architect Ricardo Bofill, also famous for other building s in Barcelona such as the Vela Hotel in the Barceloneta district. This building has many classical characteristics; the monumental entrance hall contains 26 columns reminiscent of the style of a Greek Temple. The auditorium of Barcelona, next to this building was designed by the architect Rafael Moneo and was inaugurated in 1999. The building was designed as a learning center as well as a place to enjoy music. The origins of the Encants BCN market date back to the 14th century, making it one of Europe’s oldest markets. It is visited by around 100,000 people a week, eager to find bargains amongst its antique furniture-second hand clothes, books and old records, or collector’s items.
The expansion of the City towards Besos(Forum)
The celebration of the first Universal Forum of Cultures in 2004 turned the city into a major center for dialogue and exhibitions, actions that sought to reach out to other cultures. This event led to the conversion of another stretch of coastline, giving the city new beaches and a new marine. It also markets the arrival of Avenida Diagonal to the sea. The area’s most emblematic building is known as the Forum. It is a dark-blue building designed by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre Meuron and boasts a large auditorium and exhibition hall. It is now home to the Museu de Ciencies Naturals de Barcelona, which offers visitors a journey like me through the history of life and earth.
The Technological District(Glories-Torre Agbar)
The Agbar Tower is the headquarters of the Barcelona water company, a building of ever-changing colors that is now the third tallest building in Barcelona and the new symbol of the City. It was designed by renowned French architect Jean Nouvel, who took his inspiration from water and the towers of the Sagrada Familia. This building has become the gateway to the new technological district of Barcelona, the so-called 22@. The Glories shopping center is one of the largest shopping areas of the occupies an area of 250,000 m2. The structure consists of three large buildings which house designer stores, restaurants, fast foods chains, and bars.
The Great unfinished work by Gaudi(Sagrada Familia)
The Sagrada Familia is the most popular of Gaudi’s works. He devoted himself exclusively to this project until his death. Unfortunately, he was only able to construct a small part of it; the apse and the Nativity facade. This project is still under construction, following the plans and models that Gaudi left and thanks to the donations collected. Fervently religious, Gaudi considered the Sagrada Familia as his greatest work, the synthesis of all that he had done and a test bench for all that was still to learn and experience. In the coming years, work will focus on the roofing and on the construction of the six towers that will crown the temple, making it the tallest building in Barcelona.
The Great work of Lluis Domenech I Montaner(Sant Pau)
The Sant Pau Art Nouveau site is one of the most representative works of architect Lluis Domenech I Montaner, a contemporary of Gaudi who had the most major positive influence on the city of Barcelona. After housing the healthcare facilities of Hospital de la Santa Creu I Sant Pau for almost a century, this Modernist she has undergone major restoration to recover its extraordinary heritage and artistic value. This transformation will allow discovering me to discover one of the most wonderful places in the city and one of the most historic institutions of Barcelona. Pay a visit to enjoy the largest Modernist complex in the world, declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1997. Learn about the secrets of Sant Pau’s construction, its contribution to medicine and the genius of Domenech I Montaner.
The garden City project transformed into an urban park(Park Guell)
This park was constructed at the beginning of the 20th century, on commission by textiles entrepreneur and Gaudi’s patron. Count Guell. This work is intimately linked to the life of the architect since he lived in one of the houses-the show home -now converted into the Guell Museum House. Guell himself also lived there until his death in 1918. The design shows Gaudi’s inspiration and respect for nature. It is tailored to the natural environment, with sinuous forms and shapes combined with the original architectural ideas. The urban development project wasn’t a success, which led to the city council acquiring it in 1923, to convert it into a public park. In 1969, it was officially declared a National Monument, and since 1984 it has been a World Heritage Site protected by UNESCO.
The Magic Mountain(Tibidabo)
Tibidabo is the highest part of the mountain range of Collserola, a green area that forms a natural boundary to Barcelona’s growth and the city’s green lung for regenerating air. Tibidabo Avenue is served by the famous Blue Tram, originally designed for providing transport for the area’s residents, but which is now used by tourists to reach the Mirabeau viewpoint, which offers superb panoramic views of the city. At this viewpoint, there is a cable car that climbs to the top of Tibidabo, where there is an early 20th-century church dedicated to the Sacred Heart and an amusement park that dates back to over a hundred years ago but which has been remodeled and now houses many attractions from the past and present. A world of fantasy for all ages.